Signs and Symptoms

The hallmark symptoms of Asperger Syndrome include problems in social and
communication abilities despite good intelligence. These may include:

  • Recognizing and interpreting social situations
  • Understanding social rules and conventions such as conversational turn-taking
  • Using and interpreting non-verbal behaviors, such as facial expressions, body language and gestures
  • Expressing inappropriate emotional reactions
  • Engaging in a pattern of restricted, repetitive and stereotyped behaviors and activities

When to Seek Professional Help

You should seek professional help and guidance for your child when the child:

  • Has difficulty making and maintaining friendships
  • Shows unusual preoccupation with interests (chess, maps, math, astronomy, or some esoteric area)
  • Doesn't seek to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements with others
  • Doesn't seem to get the point of jokes, humor or satire

How Asperger Syndrome is Treated

The most effective treatment consists of a combination of:

  • Educational placement appropriate to the child's good intellectual abilities
  • Social skills groups
  • Supportive services to the family
  • Consultation regarding medication for children with co-existing conditions such as anxiety, depression

The Risks of Not Treating a Child with Asperger Syndrome

Undetected or untreated Asperger Syndrome can lead to:

  • Psychiatric problems such as depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Social isolation
  • Poor grades and decreased learning and satisfaction in school
  • Failure to reach intellectual potential

More Information

For more information and a list of related articles, visit the Autistic Disorder and Asperger's Disorder (Pervasive Developmental Disorders) page of our A-Z Disorder Guide.