Signs & Symptoms

Achievement in reading, mathematics or written expression is substantially below what is expected in relation to his/her age, schooling and level of intelligence.

Major types of Learning Disorders:

  • Reading Disorder - A child with a Reading Disorder reads significantly below the expected level. His oral reading is characterized by distortions, substitutions, or omissions; both oral and silent reading are slow and show comprehension errors. Symptoms such as inability to distinguish among common letters or to associate common phonemes with letter symbols may be apparent as early as kindergarten.
  • Mathematics Disorder - A child with a Mathematics Disorder may have problems in a number of different skills, such as understanding mathematical terms, operations or concepts, recognizing and reading mathematical signs, copying numbers correctly, adding and carrying numbers, observing signs, following sequences of mathematical steps, counting objects, and learning multiplication tables.
  • Disorder of Written Expression - A child with a Disorder of Written Expression has a combination of difficulties in the ability to compose written text, evidenced by grammatical or punctuation errors, poor paragraph organization, multiple spelling errors, and exceptionally poor handwriting.
  • Nonverbal Learning Disorder - A child with a Nonverbal Learning Disorder has marked problems with acquiring social skills and usually has both social and academic problems. He may fail to interpret the emotional responses of other people and can be insensitive to the wishes and desires of others. Children who have difficulties acquiring social skills should also be evaluated for a pervasive developmental disorder.