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Psychosomatic Illness (Somatoform Disorders): Treatment

Treatment

Intervention procedures include the following.

  1. Educate the child regarding the interpretation of bodily sensations.
  2. Develop and reinforce coping behaviors that reduce the gain associated with the sick role through individual, family, group and cognitive behavior therapies. Relaxation and biofeedback techniques are useful.
  3. Identify and plan appropriate treatment for co-morbid diagnoses, i.e., anxiety, depression.
  4. When indicated, medication management with SSRIs, tricyclics, anxiolytics, stimulant and mood stabilizers is effective.