Intervention procedures include the following.
- Educate the child regarding the interpretation of bodily sensations.
- Develop and reinforce coping behaviors that reduce the gain associated with the sick role through individual, family, group and cognitive behavior therapies. Relaxation and biofeedback techniques are useful.
- Identify and plan appropriate treatment for co-morbid diagnoses, i.e., anxiety, depression.
- When indicated, medication management with SSRIs, tricyclics, anxiolytics, stimulant and mood stabilizers is effective.